The History of Kotapinang
— Written by: Deni Syafrizal Daulay
KOTA Pinang is a town in North Sumatra province of Indonesia and it is the seat (capital) of South Labuhan Batu Regency. The town bordered with Riau province, Bilah Hulu subdistrict and Sungai Kanan subdistrict.
Referring to historical heritage findings, Kotapinang is established since 250 years a go. A public figure, who is also eldest man in the town, Kotapinang name inspired over Huta Pinangan words. They mean areca nut tree touching the sky. The legend said the areca nut tree grew in front of the Kotapinang palace.
The kingdom was conquered by Pinang Awan Sultan. Earliest king, Sultan Batara Sinombah, who was famously known as Sultan Batara Guru Gorga Pinayungan. Sultan Batara descended from Minang Kabau Negeri Pagaruyung king from West Sumatera, Sultan Alamsyah Syaifuddin.
However, the old man said, the areca nut very likely connected with River Barumun which was rounded with the plant trees. In its early time, Kota Pinang was settled by two major tribes, Dasopang and Tamba. Their existence is easily traced through old cemeteries of ancestor. Both tribes lived in the area for years.
During the age, the two of tribes tends to be clashed as one intend to conquer the region. As the unrest never get ease, the communities agree to hand over for a newcomer who is able to head them.
Eventually, the chosen one come and he was declared to rule the town. He is well known as Batara Guru Pinayungan. Along with his brother Batara Payung and the step sister Putri Lenggani, the Sultan Batara Sinombang left Pagaruyung. In midst of journey, Payung decided to reside at Mandailing and build his own kingdom there. Sinombang and Lenggani, meanwhile, keep going toward Hotang Mumuk (or Pinang Awan). The Kotapinang itself inspired by Pinang Awan words.
Pinayungan seated the kingdom and lived at Kotapinang. Under Pinayungan’s leadership, Tamba and Dasopang tribes left their hometon since they would establish a new village. (*)